In concluding our blog post on the five ways to develop a paragraph, we offer the remaining three methods.
By discussion of cause and effect
As a German translator in Miami explains, when you develop a paragraph by cause and effect, you focus on the reasons for something: The heavy-duty fabric of your Wanderer tent has probably broken down for one of two reasons: (1) A sharp object punctured the fabric, and the stress of erecting the tent daily for a week without reinforcing the hole has enlarged it; (2) the tent was folded and stored while still wet, which gradually rotted the fibers.
Paragraphs developed by classification show how a general idea is broken into specific categories:
Successful candidates for our New York Chinese Translator supervisor trainee program generally come from one of several groups. The largest group, by far, consists of recent graduates of an American Translator’s Association accredited certification program. The next largest group comes from within our own company because we try to promote promising clerical workers to positions of greater responsibility. Finally, we do occasionally accept candidates with outstanding supervisory experience in related industries.
By discussion of problem and solution
Another way to develop a paragraph is to present a problem and then discuss the solution:
Selling handmade toys by mail is a challenge because consumers are accustomed to buying heavily advertised toys from major chains. However, if we develop an appealing catalog, we can compete on the basis of product novelty and quality. We can also provide craftsmanship at a competitive price: a rocking horse made from Birchwood, with a handknit tail and mane; a music box with the child’s name painted on the top; a real Indian tepee, made by a Native American.